›› 2017, Vol. 38 ›› Issue (12): 3649-3659.doi: 10.16285/j.rsm.2017.12.033

• 岩土工程研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

降雨型滑坡垂直位移方向率及其位移监测预警判据研究

贺可强1, 2,郭 栋2,张 朋2,郭 璐2,张国栋1   

  1. 1. 三峡大学 三峡库区地质灾害教育部重点实验室,湖北 宜昌 443002; 2. 青岛理工大学 地质环境与效应研究中心,山东 青岛 266033
  • 收稿日期:2015-12-07 出版日期:2017-12-11 发布日期:2018-06-05
  • 作者简介:贺可强,男,1960年生,博士,教授,博士生导师,主要从事地质灾害预测、评价与防治方面的研究工作。
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金资助项目(No.41372297);三峡库区地质灾害教育部重点实验室(三峡大学)开放基金(No.2017KDZ03);高等学校博士学科点专项科研基金(No.20113721110002);山东省自然科学基金项目(No.ZR2011DL002);山东省蓝色经济区工程建设与安全协同创新中心资助项目。

The direction ratio of vertical displacement for rainfall-induced landslides and its early warning criterion

HE Ke-qiang1, 2, GUO Dong2, ZHANG Peng2, GUO Lu2, ZHANG Guo-dong1   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Geological Hazards on Three Gorges Reservoir Area of Ministry of Education, China Three Gorges University, Yichang, Hubei 443002, China; 2. Engineering Technique Research Center of Geo-Environment and Impact, Qingdao Technological University, Qingdao, Shandong 266033, China
  • Received:2015-12-07 Online:2017-12-11 Published:2018-06-05
  • Supported by:

    This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (41372297), the Open Fund of Key Laboratory of Three Gorges Reservoir Geological Disaster of Ministry of Education (Three Gorges University) (2017KDZ03), the Research Fund for the Doctoral Program of Higher Education of China (20113721110002), the Natural Science Foundation of Shandong Province (ZR2011DL002) and the Collaborative Innovation Center of Engineering Construction and Safety in Shandong Blue Economic Zone.

摘要: 针对降雨型滑坡位移量预测参数失稳判据的局限和不足,并根据滑坡全息论的基本原理,提出和确定了滑坡垂直位移方向率预测参数,且指出该参数是边坡稳定性演化分析与评价的一个有效位移动力参数,具有位移量或位移速率不可替代的评价和预测作用。同时,系统分析了降雨型滑坡位移与地下水位变化规律及其相互作用关系,对该类边坡稳定性的不同演化阶段的表层垂直位移方向率形成机制与变化规律进行了弹塑性力学分析与评价,分别确定了边坡压缩稳定变形阶段和塑性失稳变形阶段的表层垂直位移方向率与其稳定性演化的定量关系,并依此运用数理统计均方差基本原理,建立了该类滑坡垂直位移方向率的整体失稳监测预警判据。最后运用新滩滑坡A3、B3监测点垂直位移方向率对该滑坡稳定性演化过程与失稳规律进行了后验分析与评价,其分析预测结果与边坡实际变形失稳规律基本相吻合,表明该参数在该类滑坡预测预报与监测预警中具有一定的有效性与实用性。

关键词: 降雨型滑坡, 垂直位移方向率, 稳定性预警判据, 新滩滑坡

Abstract: As for the limitation of instability criterion of displacement predictive parameter in the rainfall-induced landslide and also according to the basic principle of the holographic information theory, this paper proposes a new appraisal parameter of vertical displacement direction ratio for slope stability as an effective displacement dynamic parameter in the analysis and evaluation of slope stability. It systematically analyzes the variation and relationship of displacement and groundwater in rainfall-induced landslide, and also determines the formation mechanism and variation of the surface vertical displacement direction ratio at the different stages of stability. Meanwhile, the quantitative relation of the surface vertical displacement direction ratio with the stability of landslide in the compression stage and the plastic deformation stage is explored. Based on the analysis results above, it establishes the overall instability monitoring and early warning criteria of the vertical displacement direction ratio of the landslide by using the basic principles of mathematical statistics. Finally, the posterior analysis and evaluation of the stability evolution process of the vertical displacement directional ratio are carried out by using actual data of A3 and B3 monitoring points of the Xintan landslide. It is found that the results of the analysis and forecast are consistent with the actual deformation instability law of the slope. It reveals that it is effective and practical for the landslide forecast and early warning.

Key words: Landslide induced by rainfall, vertical displacement direction rate, stability early warning criterion, Xintan landslide

中图分类号: 

  • TU 42
[1] 贺可强 ,杨德兵 ,郭 璐 ,李 晶,. 堆积层滑坡水动力位移耦合预测参数及其评价方法研究[J]. , 2015, 36(S2): 37-46.
[2] 姜 彤,王 伟,崔江利,陈贤挺. 滑坡临滑预报的态矢量方法研究[J]. , 2009, 30(6): 1747-1752.
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