›› 2018, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (9): 3395-3405.doi: 10.16285/j.rsm.2016.3021

• 岩土工程研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

长壁工作面巷顶沿空掘巷围岩应力分析

王朋飞1,冯国瑞1,赵景礼2,Yoginder P. Chugh 3,王志强2   

  1. 1. 太原理工大学 矿业工程学院,山西 太原 030024;2. 中国矿业大学(北京) 资源与安全工程学院,北京 100083; 3. 美国发明家学会,坦帕 美国
  • 收稿日期:2016-12-31 出版日期:2018-09-11 发布日期:2018-10-08
  • 作者简介:王朋飞,男,1988年生,博士,讲师,主要从事矿山压力、岩石力学等方面的研究。
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金优秀青年科学基金项目(No.51422404);国家自然科学基金青年科学基金项目(No.51404270);国家留学基金委资助项目(No.201506430011)

Investigation of stress of surrounding rock mass of gob-side entry under gob of a longwall panel

WANG Peng-fei1, FENG Guo-rui1, ZHAO Jing-li2, Yoginder P. Chugh 3, WANG Zhi-qiang2   

  1. 1. College of Mining Technology, Taiyuan University of Technology, Taiyuan, Shanxi 030024, China; 2. School of Resources and Safety Engineering, China University of Mining and Technology (Beijing), Beijing 100083, China; 3. National Academy of Inventors, Tampa, USA
  • Received:2016-12-31 Online:2018-09-11 Published:2018-10-08
  • Supported by:

    This work was supported by the Excellent Young Scientists Fund for National Natural Science Foundation of China (51422404), the Young Foundation of National Natural Science of China (51404270) and the Funding Project of China Scholarship Council (201506430011).

摘要: 镇城底矿工作面的回采巷道一条沿顶板掘进,一条沿底板掘进,相邻两工作面在端头搭接,沿底板掘进的巷道形成巷顶沿空掘巷。通过理论分析、相似模拟、数值模拟及现场实测对巷顶沿空掘巷围岩结构及应力环境进行了研究。得到如下结论:该巷道不受超前和固定支承压力影响,大结构下方的矸石垫层可起到能量和应力耗散的作用,避免了动载和冲击影响,应力低且稳定;岩层移动形成的垮落角对采空区应力大小和分布(尤其采空区边缘)有重要影响;垮落角越小,采空区应力越小,该巷道围岩应力越小,采空区恢复至原岩应力的距离越大;垮落角对岩体塑性区发育方向起控制和导向作用;该巷道围岩应力大幅低于原岩应力,卸压程度大;实测该巷道竖向和横向位移均比非沿空巷道小,即顶底板和两帮应力环境均得到改善。研究对维护具有冲击倾向的高应力巷道具有一定意义。

关键词: 错层位, 沿空掘巷, 双屈服, 采空区, 冲击倾向, 高应力

Abstract: The gateroads on the sides of a longwall panel at Zhenchengdi Coal Mine are driven along the roof and floor, respectively, and thus the gateroad along the floor becomes the gob-side entry under a longwall gob. In this paper, theoretical analysis, physical modelling, numerical modelling and field observation are conducted to investigate structures and stress of surrounding rock mass of this gob-side gateroad. It is found that the gob-side entry is independent of the side and front abutment pressures. The caved rock cushion under the masonry beam structure can dissipate energy and stress for the gob-side entry, which prevents from dynamic and impact loads, providing the stable stress environment much lower than pre-mining stress. The angle of break developed due to strata movement has a significant effect on stress and distribution (especially on gob edge). The lower the angle of break is, the smaller the gob pressure and stress are around the entry, and the larger distance between the gob edge to the location where pre-mining pressure occurs. The angle of break has a dictating and guiding function for the plastic zone development. The stress of surrounding rock mass of gob-side entry is significantly lower than premining stress with the high destress degree. Both the roof to floor and rib to rib convergences are smaller than that of non-gob-side entry, which demonstrates that overall stress environment is improved. The study is of certain drawing significance for highly stressed burst-prone gateroads.

Key words: split-level, gob-side gateroad driving, double yield, gob, burst-prone, high stress

中图分类号: 

  • TD 322
[1] 任连伟,周桂林,顿志林,何停印,杨权威,张敏霞,. 采空区建筑地基适宜性及沉降变形计算工程实例分析[J]. , 2018, 39(8): 2922-2932.
[2] 赵金帅,冯夏庭,王鹏飞,江 权,陈炳瑞,周扬一,裴书锋, . 爆破开挖诱发的地下交叉洞室微震特性及破裂机制分析[J]. , 2018, 39(7): 2563-2573.
[3] 谢学斌,邓融宁,董宪久,闫泽正,. 基于突变和流变理论的采空区群系统稳定性[J]. , 2018, 39(6): 1963-1972.
[4] 赵金帅,冯夏庭,江 权,陈炳瑞,肖亚勋,胡 磊,丰光亮,李鹏翔,. 分幅开挖方式下高应力硬岩地下洞室的微震特性及稳定性分析[J]. , 2018, 39(3): 1020-1026.
[5] 司雪峰, 宫凤强,罗 勇,李夕兵, . 深部三维圆形洞室岩爆过程的模拟试验[J]. , 2018, 39(2): 621-634.
[6] 张 强,李小春,胡少斌,牛智勇,汪 芳,范 坤,邵光强,. 高应力下花岗岩耦合节理在剪切过程中渗透率演化特性[J]. , 2018, 39(10): 3641-3650.
[7] 钟 山,江 权,冯夏庭,刘继光,李邵军,邱士利,吴世勇,. 锦屏深部地下实验室初始地应力测量实践[J]. , 2018, 39(1): 356-366.
[8] 肖晓春,金 晨,赵 鑫,丁 鑫,代连朋,徐 军,. 组合煤岩冲击倾向电荷判据试验研究[J]. , 2017, 38(6): 1620-1628.
[9] 孟庆彬,韩立军,张帆舸,张 建,聂军委,文圣勇,. 深部高应力软岩巷道耦合支护效应研究及应用[J]. , 2017, 38(5): 1424-1435.
[10] 张元超,杨圣奇,陈 淼,臧传伟,龙景奎,. 深井综放沿空掘巷实体煤帮变形破坏机制及控制技术[J]. , 2017, 38(4): 1103-1113.
[11] 武精科,阚甲广,谢生荣,谢福星,陈冬冬,. 深井高应力软岩沿空留巷围岩破坏机制及控制[J]. , 2017, 38(3): 793-800.
[12] 符亚鹏,姚志刚,方 勇,陈先国,. 隧道开挖对下伏水平薄煤层采空区地层的扰动及衬砌受荷特征[J]. , 2016, 37(S1): 117-125.
[13] 沈 威,窦林名,刘 鹏,贺 虎, . 沿空掘巷应力动态变化规律研究[J]. , 2016, 37(S1): 489-494.
[14] 张广超,何富连. 大断面综放沿空巷道煤柱合理宽度与围岩控制[J]. , 2016, 37(6): 1721-1728.
[15] 李 斌,许梦国,刘艳章. 临界状态围压在岩石强度准则改进中的应用[J]. , 2016, 37(2): 390-398.
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
[1] 张志强,何本国,何 川. 水底隧道饱水地层衬砌作用荷载研究[J]. , 2010, 31(8): 2465 -2470 .
[2] 闫富有,吴义章,郭院成. 有限压缩层地基上筏基沉降的边界元分析[J]. , 2011, 32(S2): 604 -609 .
[3] 刘金海,姜福兴,冯 涛. C型采场支承压力分布特征的数值模拟研究[J]. , 2010, 31(12): 4011 -4015 .
[4] 吴梦喜; 楼志刚; . 钙质砂与钢板接触面力学特性试验研究[J]. , 2003, 24(3): 369 -371 .
[5] 孙德安 ,张俊然 ,吕海波 . 全吸力范围南阳膨胀土的土-水特征曲线[J]. , 2013, 34(7): 1839 -1846 .
[6] 张丙印,张美聪,孙 逊. 土石坝横向裂缝的土工离心机模型试验研究[J]. , 2008, 29(5): 1254 -1258 .
[7] 宋 章 ,程谦恭 ,龚维明 ,陈晓东 . 静载荷下黄土地基矩形地下连续墙现场试验研究[J]. , 2008, 29(10): 2713 -2718 .
[8] 强 晟,张 杨. 复合单元法动力分析初步研究[J]. , 2010, 31(5): 1675 -1680 .
[9] 刘先珊 ,许 明 . 基于三维流-固耦合模型的油井出砂细观机制研究[J]. , 2013, 34(8): 2363 -2370 .
[10] 李建中 ,彭芳乐,龙冈文夫,. 粘土的粘塑性特性试验与三要素本构模型[J]. , 2005, 26(6): 915 -919 .